The short-term complication rates of cubital tunnel surgery are low (3.2%), but higher for patients with chronic kidney disease. The secondary surgery rate after cubital tunnel surgery was 5.7% overall, but higher for patients with prior elbow trauma and for patients undergoing ulnar nerve transposition.
Nerve transfer is favored over nerve grafting in managing high ulnar nerve injuries because of better improvement of motor power and better restoration of grip functions of the hand.
Women treated for carpal tunnel syndrome with either manual therapy or surgery experienced similar effectiveness in improving self-reported function, symptom severity and pinch-tip grip force, according to results.
Patients can have good radiograph results when a variety of dorsal spanning plates were placed through an open approach to treat complex distal radius fractures, according to data presented at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting. Furthermore, performing the procedure open allowed surgeons to approach an anatomic reduction and visualize the joint line sufficiently enough to possibly use K-wires or extra hardware if needed, according to Eric G. Huish Jr., DO.
For acute distal humeral fractures not amenable to open reduction and internal fixation, total elbow arthroplasty has become an established alternative. However, lifelong activity restrictions designed to prevent early mechanical failure make this a poor option for some patients. This has led to a renewed interest in distal humeral hemiarthroplasty. Using modern implants and techniques, distal humeral hemiarthroplasty has shown outcomes comparable to those of total elbow arthroplasty at short- to mid-term follow-up, with an overall higher but different complication rate.
Source: Science Daily
Optical sensors may be uniquely suited for use in robotic hands, according to researchers who have developed a three-fingered soft robotic hand with multiple embedded fiber optic sensors. They also have created a new type of stretchable optical sensor.
The most common tricycle-related injuries incurred by children are lacerations and internal organ damage to the head and fractures of the elbow, according to recent research in Pediatrics.
Source: Medical Xpress
The two most common treatments for tennis elbow are physiotherapy and cortisone injections. It is unclear which of these gives the best result, and diagnosis can be problematic for general practitioners. Now researchers at teh University of Oslo have taken a closer look at the treatment methods.
The first pediatric bilateral hand transplant was recently performed by surgeons at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia in collaboration with colleagues from Penn Medicine.
Source: Science Daily
A mechanical wrist less than 1/16th of an inch thick -- small enough to use in needlescopic surgery, the least invasive form of minimally invasive surgery -- has been created by scientists. Needlescopic surgery, which uses surgical instruments shrunk to the diameter of a sewing needle, is the ultimate form of minimally invasive surgery. The needle-sized incisions it requires are so small that they can be sealed with surgical tape and usually heal without leaving a scar.